GPSC Assistant Conservator of Forest, Class-2 Syllabus

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GPSC Assistant Conservator of Forest Syllabus

Gujarat Public Service Commission has published the Assistant Conservator of Forest, Class-2 Syllabus. Candidates can check the syllabus here and download the syllabus PDF file from the below link. This GPSC Assistant Conservator of Forest syllabus is the latest syllabus. 

GPSC Assistant Conservator of Forest, Class-II Syllabus:

Note: The medium of examination shall be English and Gujarati. Gujarati and English Papers in Main Examination shall be in respective language only. In case of question of interpretation of syllabus, the interpretation of the English shall be final. 

1. Preliminary Examination:

🌟 Nature of Exam: Objective

🌟 Name of the Paper:

General Studies-1: 200 Marks
General Studies-2: 200 Marks

🌟 Time: 3 Hours

🌟 Total Marks: 400 Marks


2. Main Examination:

🌟 Total Papers: 05 Papers

🌟 Nature of Exam: Descriptive

🌟 Name of the paper:
  • Gujarati - 150 Marks
  • English - 150 Marks
  • General Studies-1 - 150 Marks
  • General Studies-2 - 150 Marks
  • General Studies-3 - 150 Marks
🌟 Time: 3 Hours 

🌟 Total Marks: 750 Marks

🌟 Personality Test (Only for the candidates who are declared qualified in Mains Examination): 100 Marks

🌟 Total Marks to be considered for Final Selection: 850 Marks

Detailed Syllabus Of GPSC Assistant Conservator of Forest, Class-2:

Preliminary Examination:

Paper 1: General Studies-1 (Objective) (Prelims)


(1) History 

1. Indus valley Civilization: Features, Sites, Society, Cultural History, Art and Religion. Vedic age- Jainism and Buddhism. 

2. The Mauryan and the Gupta Empire, Chola and PallavDynasties. 

3. Important Dynasties of Gujarat – Impact and Contribution, Important Policies, their administration, economy, society, religion, literature, arts and architecture.

4. The advent of the Europeans in India. Establishment and expansion of British rule in India. Indian war of Independence of 1857 with special reference to Gujarat. Religious and social reform movements in 19th Century in India and Gujarat. 

5. India’s Freedom Movement, Revolutionaries in India and abroad. Role and contribution of freedom fighters of Gujarat and India.

6. The Role and contribution of Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel in Pre and Post-independence of India. 

7. India after Independence - Reorganization of the States within the country, Maha Gujarat Movement, Major events. 

8. Achievements and administrative reforms of the rulers of princely states of Saurashtra, Kutchh and Gujarat. 

(2) Cultural Heritage 

1. Cultural Heritage of India and Gujarat: Art forms, Literature, Sculpture and Architecture.

2. Gujarat’s Folk Culture and Oral Tradition: Its Importance, Peculiarities and Impact. 

3. Art and Craft of Gujarat: Socio-Cultural contribution. 

4. Life of Adivasi (Tribes). 

5. Pilgrimage and Tourist Places of Gujarat.

(3) Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations. 

1. Indian Constitution: Evolution, features, Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, Important Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure. 

2. Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Parliament and State Legislatures: Structure, Function, Power and Privileges. Role of the President and the Governor. 

3. Constitutional Authorities, Statutory, Regulatory and Quasi-judicial bodies. 

4. Panchayati Raj. 

5. Public Policy and Governance. Impact of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization on Governance.

6. Rights Issues (Human rights, Women rights, SC/ST rights, Child rights) etc. 

7. India’s Foreign Policy – International Relations – Important Institutions, Agencies and Fora, their structure and mandate. 

8. Important Policies and Programmes of Central and State Governments. 

(4) General Mental Ability 

1. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability. 

2. Number Series, Coding –Decoding. 

3. Shapes and their Sub-sections, Venn Diagram. 

4. Problems based on Clocks, Calendar and Age. 

5. Average of mean, median, mode – including weighted mean. 

6. Power and exponent, Square, Square Root, Cube Root, H.C.F. and L.C.M. 

7. Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest, Profit and loss. 

8. Time and Work, Time and Distance, Speed and Distance. 

9. Area and Perimeter of Simple Geometrical Shapes, Volume and Surface Area of Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, cubes and Cuboids. 

10. Data interpretation, Data Analysis, Data sufficiency, Probability.

Paper 2: General Studies-2 (Objective) (Prelims):

(1) Indian Economy and Planning 

1. Indian Economy on the eve of Independence, Emergence and development of planning exercise in India – historical debates, plan models and shift in focus over time. Indian economy in post reform period: New Economic Reforms, NITI Aayog: aims, constitution and functions. 

2. Various Policies and amendments in Agriculture sector and Industries sector, Infrastructure in Indian Economy. Banking and Insurance; Regulatory Mechanism. Impact of Privatization on Indian Economy, Growth, Challenges and Opportunities. 

3. Indian Public finance; Indian tax system, public expenditure, public debt, deficit and subsidies in the Indian economy. Center-State financial relation. GST: Concept and Implications. 

4. Trend, composition, structure and direction of India’s Foreign Trade. 

5. Gujarat economy-An overview; social sector in Gujarat- Education, Health, and Nutrition. Agriculture, forest, water resources, mining, industry and service Sector. Development policies for economic and social infrastructure. Co-operative sector in Gujarat. 

(2) Geography 

1. General Geography: Earth in Solar system, Motion of the Earth, Concept of time, Season, Internal Structure of the Earth, Major landforms and their features. Atmosphere-structure and composition, elements and factors of Climate, Airmasses and Fronts, atmospheric disturbances, climate change. Oceans: Physical, chemical and biological characteristics, Hydrological Distasters, Marine and Continental resources. 

2. Physical: World, India and Gujarat : Major physical divisions, Earthquakes, landslides, Natural drainage, climatic changes and regions, Monsoon, Natural Vegetation, Parks and Sanctuaries, Major Soil types, Rocks and Minerals. 

3. Social: World, India and Gujarat : distribution, density, growth, Sex-ratio, Literacy, Occupational Structure, SC and ST Population, Rural-Urban components, Racial, tribal, religious and linguistic groups, urbanization, migration and metropolitan regions. 

4. Economic: World, India and Gujarat: Major sectors of economy, Agriculture, Industry and Services, their salient features. Basic Industries-Agro, mineral, forest, fuel and manpower based Industries, Transport and Trade, Pattern and Issues. 

(3) Science and Technology 

1. Science and Technology: Nature and Scope of Science & Technology; Relevance of Science & Technology to the day to day life; National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation; Institutes and Organization in India promoting integration of Science, Technology and Innovation, their activities and contribution; Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists. 

2. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Nature and Scope of ICT; Various Government programmes promoting ICT, E-Governance programmes and services; Cyber Security, National Cyber Crime Policy. 

3. Technology in Space & Defence: Evolution of Indian Space Programme; Various Institutes and programmes. 

4. Energy policy and Nuclear Policy of India - Government Policies and Programmes. 

5. Environmental Science: Policies and Treaties for the protection of environment at the national and the international level; Forest and Wildlife Conservation; National Action plans on Climate Change and Disaster management. 

(4) Forest and Environment: 

1. India’s unique affinity with Forests and Environment: from Historical, Social and Economic point of view. 

2. Forests Soils: classification, factors affecting soil formation; physical, chemical and biological properties.

3. Forest and Forest resources with special reference to Gujarat and India. 

4. Environment; components and importance, principles of conservation, impact of deforestation; forest fires and various human activities like mining, construction and developmental projects, population growth on environment. 

5. Pollution - types, global warming, green house effects, ozone layer depletion, acid rain, impact and control measures, environmental monitoring; concept of sustainable development. Role of trees and forests in environmental conservation; control and prevention of air, water and noise pollution. Environmental policy and legislation in India. 

6. Wildlife Management: Interface between forest and wildlife management in India. Legal instruments for managing wildlife in India. Principles and practices of wildlife management. Course and fine filter approaches for wildlife management. Management of special habitats; riparian zones. Grasslands etc. Analysis of wildlife management problems in plantations and exploited forests; Indian and global scenario. Species conservation projects; tiger, lion, rhino, crocodile etc. 

7. National Parks/ Sanctuaries 

8. Importance of forest and Challenges against it

9. Legal, Policy and Institutional Framework in India for Forest and Environment including National Green Tribunal and Research institutes. 

10.Global conventions related to Forest and Environment including UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development), CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity), UNFCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), UNCCD (United Nations Conventions to Combat Desertification) 

(5) Current Events of Regional, National and International Importance

Main Examination:

Paper 1: Gujarati (Descriptive) (Mains):


🌏 નિબંધ: પાંચ પૈકી કોઈપણ એક (આશરે ૨૫૦ થી ૩૦૦ શબ્દોમાં) - ૨૦ ગુણ

🌏 વિચારવિસ્તાર (ત્રણ પૈકી કોઈપણ બે) કાવ્યપંક્તિઓ કે ગદ્યસૂક્તિનો વિચારવિસ્તાર (આશરે ૧૦૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 સંક્ષેપીકરણ: આપેલા ગધ્યખંડમાંથી આશરે ૧/૩ ભાગમાં તમારા શબ્દોમાં સંક્ષેપ- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 ગદ્યસમીક્ષા: આપેલા ગદ્યખંડના આધારે પૂછેલા પ્રશ્નોના જવાબ લાખો- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 ઔપચારિક ભાષણો તૈયાર કરવા (આશરે ૧૫૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 પ્રચાર માધ્યમો માટે નિવેદનો તૈયાર કરવા (આશરે ૧૦૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 પત્રલેખન (આશરે ૧૦૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 ચર્ચાપત્ર (આશરે ૨૦૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 દ્રશ્ય આલેખન (આશરે ૧૫૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 અહેવાલલેખન (આશરે ૨૦૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 સંવાદકૌશલ્ય: બે વ્યક્તિઓ વચ્ચે સંવાદ (આશરે ૧૫૦ શબ્દોમાં)- ૧૦ ગુણ

🌏 ભાષાંતર - અંગ્રેજીમાંથી ગુજરાતીમાં અનુવાદ - ૧૦ ગુણ 

🌏 ગુજરાતી વ્યાકરણ - ૧૦ ગુણ

  • રુઢિપ્રયોગોના અર્થ અને તેનો વાક્યપ્રયોગ 
  • કહેવતોનો અર્થ
  • સમાસનો વિગ્રહ કરી તેની ઓળખ
  • છંદ ઓળખાવો
  • અલંકાર ઓળખાવો
  • શબ્દસમૂહ માટે એક શબ્દ
  • જોડણી શુદ્ધિ
  • લેખન શુદ્ધિ/ ભાષા શુદ્ધિ
  • સંધિ - જોડો કે છોડો
  • વાક્યરચનાના અંગો/ વાક્યના પ્રકાર/વાક્ય પરિવર્તન
Paper 2: English (Descriptive) (Mains):

1. ESSAY (A minimum of 250 words and a maximum of 300 words): Choose any one topic from a list of five. (Descriptive/ analytical/ philosophical/based on Current Affairs)

2. LETTER WRITING (in about 150 words): A formal letter expressing one’s opinion about an issue. The issues can deal with daily office matters/ a problem that has occurred in the office/ an opinion in response to one sought by a ranked officer etc. 

3. PRESS RELEASE/ APPEAL (in about 150 words): The PR or appeal should be on an issue pertaining to a recent concern/ problem/ disaster/ rumours etc

4. REPORT WRITING (in about 150 words): A report on an official function/event/field trip/survey etc.

5. WRITING ON VISUAL INFORMATION (in about 150 words): A Report on a graph/ image/ flow chart/ table of comparison/ simple statistical data etc. 

6. FORMAL SPEECH (in about 150 words): A speech (in a formal style) that is to be read out in a formal function. This could be an inauguration speech, an educational seminar/ conference, a formal ceremony of importance etc.

7. PRECIS WRITING: A precis in about 100 words for a 300-word passage.

8. READING COMPREHENSION:  A reading passage of about 250 words to be given followed by short-answer-type questions. 

9. English Grammar:

  • a. Tenses 
  • b. Voice 
  • c. Narration (Direct-Indirect) 
  • d. Transformation of sentences 
  • e. Use of Articles and Determiners 
  • f. Use of Prepositions 
  • g. Use of Phrasal verbs 
  • h. Use of idiomatic expressions 
  • i. Administrative Glossary 
  • j. Synonyms/Antonyms 
  • k. One-word substitution
  • l. Cohesive devices/Connectives/Linkers m. Affixes 
  • n. Words that cause confusion like homonyms/ homophones.

10. TRANSLATION: Translation of a short passage (of about 150 words) from Gujarati to English. 

Paper 3: General Studies-1 (Descriptive) (Mains):

(1) History of India: 

1. Indus valley Civilization: Features, Sites, Society, Cultural History, Art and Religion. Indus Valley Civilization and Gujarat. The Vedic times, Jainism and Buddhism. The Nanda Dynasty. 

2. The Mauryan and the Gupta Empire. 

3. Vijaynagar Empire and Important South Indian Dynasties. 

4. Important Dynasties of Gujarat - their administration, art, architecture, literature, science and technology. 

5. Educational institutions. Takshshila, Nalanda and Vallabhi. 

6. The advent of the Europeans in India. Establishment and expansion of British rule in India from 1757 to 1856. Land Revenue Settlement. Permanent Settlement. Ryotwari and Mahalvari. Education System. 

7. Indian war of Independence of 1857, Religious and social reform movements in 19th Century in India and Gujarat. Factors responsible for the rise of Indian Nationalism. Indian National Congress. 

8. Rise of Mahatma Gandhi on National Horizon, impact of his thoughts, principles and philosophy on political, social, economic, religious and cultural life of India. 

9. The Role of Sardar Patel in freedom movement and post-independence consolidation. 

10. Indian Revolutionaries in India and abroad, Indian National Army and Subhash Chandra Bose. 

11. India after Independence - Reorganization of the States within the country, Maha Gujarat Movement, Major events.

(2) Cultural Heritage: 

1. Indian Culture and its Salient aspects of Art forms, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture from Ancient to Modern times; Salient features of Indian Society. 

2. Indian Cinema and Theatre, its influence on Society. 

3. Art and Craft of Gujarat. 

4. Gujarati Theatre (Rangbhumi). 

5. Gujarat’s Folk Culture and Oral Tradition: Its Importance, Peculiarities and Impact. 

6. Culture of coastal area of Gujarat, Tribal Culture. 

(3) Geography 

1. Study of Physical Features and Resources of India and Gujarat; Major land forms, climate, soil, rocks, rivers, reservoirs vegetation, minerals and water resources. 

2. Economic Activities: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary. 

3. Social and Demographic geography. 

4. Developmental and Environmental issues, Sustainable development, Globalization; its impact on society and economy, Smart Cities and solutions. Natural hazards, Carbon emission, Pollution-hazard management. Global response to problems of Climate Change and Environmental depletion. Important treaties and Conventions. 

(4) Science and Technology 

1. Integration of Science, Technology and Innovation for better human life; Science & Technology in everyday life; India’s contribution in the field of Science and Technology. Concerns and challenges in the proliferation and use of science and technology; Role and Scope of Science and Technology in nation building. 

2. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) - its importance, advantages and challenges; E-governance and India; Cyber Crime and policies to address security concerns.

3. Indian Space Programme - Past, Present and Future. Energy policy and Nuclear Policy of India. Technology in Defense Services - its importance, advantages and challenges. 

4. Achievements of Indians in the field of Science and Technology. Issues related to Intellectual Property Rights in the field of Science and Technology. 

(5) Current Events of Regional, National and International Importance.

Paper 4: General Studies-2 (Descriptive) (Mains):

(1) Indian Polity and Constitution: 

1. Indian Constitution and its salient features. 

2. Functions and duties of the Indian Union and the State Governments. 

3. Issues and challenges pertaining to the Federal structure – Role of Governor in States. 

4. Distribution of powers between the Union and States (Union list, State list and Concurrent list) – Issues and challenges. 

5. Important Constitutional Amendments. 

6. Constitutional Authorities and their Role. 

7. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. 

8. Judiciary in India – Structure and functions, important provisions relating to emergency and constitutional amendments, judicial review, Public Interest Litigation. 

(2) Public Administration and Governance: 

1. Meaning, Nature and Scope of Public Administration – Evolution in India, Legacy of British rule. Role of Civil Services in Democracy. 

2. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues and problems of implementation. 

3. Development processes - the role of civil society, NGOs and other stakeholders. 

4. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial authorities. 

5. Good governance and e-governance- Transparency, accountability and responsiveness in governance – Citizen’s Charter. RTI, Public Service Act and their implications, Concept of Social Audit and its importance.

6. Rights Issues (Human rights, Women rights, SC/ST rights, Child rights) etc. 

7. Important International Institutions, Agencies and Fora and their structure. 

(3) Ethics in Public Service: 

1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human behavior; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships, ethics, integrity and accountability in public service – RTI, Public Service Act and its implications. 

2. Attitude: content, functions; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; role of social influence and persuasion. 

3. Emotional intelligence - concept, utilities and application in administration and governance. 

4. Human Values - role of family, society and educational institutions in imparting values to citizens. 

5. Issues and challenges in ethics: Anticorruption Mechanism, Lok Pal, Lok Ayukta. 

6. Case studies in the above areas (i.e. 1 to 5) 

(4) Indian Economy and Planning 

1. Emergence and development of planning exercise in India. Economic Performance, Dynamics, Challenges, New Initiatives, Reforms etc. by the State and Central Government. Important Events, Developments and Social Sector Initiatives. NITI Aayog: aims, constitution and functions. Social Audit. 

2. Regulatory framework for money and banking: concepts, structure and role. 

3. Indian Public finance: Indian tax system, public expenditure, public debt, deficit and subsidies in the Indian economy. Centre-state financial relation

4. Rural development - Challenges and policies; employment policies/schemes in India. 

5. External sector: Trends, Composition and Direction of Foreign Trade. External sector reforms. Foreign Institutional Investment (FII) and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). 

6. Gujarat economy-An overview, Gujarat Economy in relation to India and major states, Development policies for economic and social infrastructure. Co-operative movement in Gujarat and its impact on Socio-economic aspects of life. 

7. Infrastructure: Energy, Port, roads, Airport, Railways, Telecommunications - Social Impact Assessment.

Paper 5: General Studies-3 (Descriptive) (Mains):

1. India’s unique affinity with Forests and Environment: from Historical, Social and Economic point of view.

2. Silviculture - General : General Silvicultural Principles: ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation, natural and artificial regeneration of forests; methods of propagation, grafting techniques; site factors; nursery and planting techniques nursery beds. 

3. Types of Forest in India and Gujarat, Mangrove and Agro-climatic zones in India and Gujarat. 

4. Agroforestry, Social Forestry and Joint Forest Management : 

 Agroforestry - scope and necessity; role in the life of people and domestic animals and in integrated land use, planning especially related to 

(i) soil and water conservation; 
(ii) water recharge; 
(iii) nutrient availability to crops; 
(iv) nature and ecosystem preservation including ecological balances through pest-predator relationships and 
(v) providing opportunities for enhancing biodiversity, medicinal and other flora and fauna. Agro forestry systems under different agro-ecological zones; selection of species and role of multipurpose trees and NTFPs (Non-timber forest products), techniques, food, fodder and fuel security. Research and Extension needs. 

 Social/Urban Forestry: objectives, scope and necessity; people’s participation. 
 JFM (Joint Forest Management)- principles, objectives, methodology, scope, benefits and role of NGOs. 
 Reserved Trees of Gujarat and their management. 

5. Forest Soils, Soil Conservation and Watershed management: 

 Forests Soils: classification, factors affecting soil formation; physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Factors affecting Soil fertility. 
 Soil conservation - definition, causes for erosion; types - wind and water erosion; conservation and management of eroded soils/areas, wind breaks, shelter belts; sand dunes; reclamation of saline and alkaline soils, water logged and other waste lands. Role of forests in conserving soils. Maintenance and build-up of soil organic matter, provision of loppings for green leaf manuring; forest leaf litter and composting; Role of microorganisms in ameliorating soils; N and C cycles, VAM. 
 Watershed Management - concepts of watershed; role of mini-forests and forest trees in overall resource management, forest hydrology, watershed development in respect of torrent control, river channel stabilization,  Wasteland Management: Concept, types and role of trees in reclamation of wasteland. 

6. Environmental Conservation and Biodiversity: 

 Environment; components and importance, principles of conservation, impact of deforestation; forest fires and various human activities like mining, construction and developmental projects, population growth on environment. 

 Pollution - types, global warming, green house effects, ozone layer depletion, acid rain, impact and control measures, environmental monitoring; concept of sustainable development. Role of trees and forests in environmental conservation; control and prevention of air, water and noise pollution. Environmental policy and legislation in India. Environmental Impact Assessment. Economics assessment of watershed development vis-a-vis ecological and environmental protection. 

7. Forest Working Plan : Forest planning, evaluation and monitoring tools and approaches for integrated planning; multipurpose development of forest resources and forest industries development; working plans and working schemes, their role in nature conservation, bio-diversity and other dimensions; preparation and control. Divisional Working Plans, Annual Plan of Operations. Role of Remote Sensing in Forest Planning. 

8. Forest Ecology and Ethnobotany : 

 Forest ecology - Biotic and aboitic components, forest eco-systems; forest community concepts; vegetation concepts, ecological succession and climax, primary productivity, nutrient cycling and water relations; physiology in stress environments (drought, water logging salinity and alkalinity). Forest types in India, identification of species, composition and associations; dendrology, taxonomic classification, principles and establishment of herbaria and arboreta. Conservation of forest ecosystems. Clonal parks, Role of Ethnobotany in Indian Systems of Medicine; Ayurveda and Unani - Introduction, nomenclature, habitat, distribution and botanical features of medicinal plants. 

 Important Medicinal Plants and their usage. 

9. Wildlife Management Interface between forest and wildlife management in India. Legal framework for Conservation and Management of wildlife in India: Scope and Provision. Principles and practices of wildlife management. Course and fine filter approaches for wildlife management. Management of special habitats; riparian zones. Grasslands etc. Analysis of wildlife management problems in plantations and exploited forests; Indian and global scenario. Species conservation projects; tiger, lion, rhino, crocodile etc. Role of Biology in management. National Parks and Sanctuaries. Management plan for Protected Areas: Forest working plans and wildlife management plans. Need for wildlife management planning. 

10. Forest Economics : Forest economics: fundamental principles, cost-benefit analyses; estimation of demand and supply; analysis of trends in the national and international market and changes in production and consumption patterns; Minor Forest Products (MFP) of Gujarat and its role in Socio Economic Development. 

11. Legal and Policy Framework for Forest and Environment: 

 Legal and Institutional framework for Conservation and Management of forest and environment in India: History, Important Acts, Institutions etc., Forest policies in India State Government’s and Central Government’s initiatives for sound environment and forest management. Various Government bodies and institutes for conservation of forests and environment. People’s participation for conservation of Forest and Environment. 

12. Global conventions related to Forest and Environment including UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development), CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity), UNFCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), UNCCD (United Nations Conventions to Combat Desertification). Sustainable Development Goals. India’s response to the Global Conventions and treaties.


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