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An Architect Of Indian Constitution Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr. Ambedkar
(Image: Google)

Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 at Military Headquarters of War Mahu (in Indore district, Madhya Pradesh). Bhimrao was the fourteenth child of Ramji Sakpal and mother Bhimabai. Bhimrao inherited the legacy of raising his voice against injustice from his father. Father Ramji Subedar presented to the Governor against the Government of India's ban on recruitment of Mahars in the army and to cancel the order.

In the year 1894, due to the monthly pension of 50 rupees received after the retirement of his father, he faced financial difficulties, so he decided to settle in Mumbai and finally left for Dapeli and Satara. In 1897, at the age of six, Bhimrao was admitted to Camp School Satara along with his elder brother Anandrao. Talented Bhimrao was given his surname Ambedkar by his teacher Krishnarao Keshavrao. After leaving his job in Satara in 1902, he came to live with his father in Double Chal, Lower Parel, Mumbai. Bhimrao was first admitted to Maratha High School and then to Elphinstone High School.

On November 9, 1906, he got married to Ramabai, daughter of Shri Bhikhu Dhotre. In the year 1907, he passed the matriculation examination in Elphinstone High School and got admission in the college for which a reception was also held under the chairmanship of Sitaram Keshav Bole. In which Krishnaji Kebuskar gifted a book on the character of Lord Buddha. In the year 1908, he passed the matriculation examination from Mumbai University and got admission in Elphinstone College, Mumbai. He passed BA with Persian English from the University of Mumbai.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar has a close relationship with Gujarat. He was awarded a scholarship to study by Maharaj Sayajirao Gaikwad (III), the Prajavatsal Rajvi of Vadodara for post-inter studies. He completed his college studies-graduation by getting this scholarship. Mr. Bhatt, who campaigned for the admission of students in the canteen of Elphinstone College in Mumbai, made Ambedkarji enter the canteen.

A graduate Bhimrao Ambedkar got his first job in Vadodara. He was appointed by Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad III as a representative in the Legislative Council of his state's Law Council on the seat left vacant by the death of Shivram Jeram. At this time he was living in the Antyaj hostel of Karelibagh. Its administrator was Arya Samaji Atmaram Amritsari. Babasaheb Ambedkar also received higher education in America.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a fearless journalist. In January 1920, he launched "Muknayak" Marathi fortnightly. Also started a Marathi fortnightly named "Bahishkrit Bharat" in April 1927. Also "Samata" fortnight started in September 1927. In December 1930, the magazine "Janata" was started. Dr. Ambedkar wrote an article in Muknayak exhorting the youth to serve the motherland and wrote in it that do not fear anyone fight for your rights, just as we have to endure obstacles in the disease disaster, we are suffering in the way of progress of the society. But to lose courage in fear is not manliness, for the sake of the society in which you are brought up and for the salvation of the motherland in which we were born and raised, use Kaya to free yourself from debt and immortalize your glory.

A visionary and a lifelong warrior, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar died on December 6, 1956 in Delhi due to ill health. Babasaheb continued to fight for political, social, religious, economic, cultural and human rights throughout his life, giving the marginalized society their rights. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar will always be an inspiration for the country and the youth of the new generation.

Important Dates:

◾9 May 1916: Published research paper "Cast in India" at the Sociological Anthropology Seminar at Columbia.

◾19 October 1916: London School of Economics and Political Science, London, MS, C. and D.S.C. Admitted for the degree of

◾ June 1916: Ph.D. Dissertation (Columbia University) under the title National Dividend of India to receive the title of

◾June 1917: Returned to India on completion of scholarship and D.Sc. (Economics) dissertation had to be left incomplete.

◾28 July 1920: M.Sc. and D.Sc. Entered the London School of Economics and Political Science for a degree and "Gradge Inn" for barrister studies.

◾29 June 1921: M.Sc. (Economics) degree.

◾30 May 1921: Admission to BONN University to study Sanskrit in Germany.

◾November 1923: "The Problem Of Rupee" Thesis Dissertation D.Sc. Accepted for economics degree.

◾15 December 1946: First historic speech in the Constituent Assembly advocating a united India.

◾August 1947: Appointed to the Drafting Committee for the Constitution of Independent India.

◾August 1947: Became Law Minister of independent India in Nehru's cabinet.

◾November 1948: Presented the draft of the Indian Constitution in the Parliament as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee.

◾24 February 1949: Completed proceedings of "Hindu Code Bill" as Chairman of Select Committee,

◾December 1955: Publication of Thoughts On Linguisic States.

◾February 1956: "Janata" weekly was renamed "Prabuddha Bharat".

◾14 October 1956: Initiation of Buddhism at Nagpur.

November 1956: Completed the writing of both The Buddha and His Dharma and Revolution and Counter Revolution.

◾6 December 1956: Died in Delhi.

◾7 December 1956: Cremation took place at Dadar, Chopati, Mumbai which is known as Chaitayabhoomi.

Source: Gujarat Pakshik (Gujarat Information)

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