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National Farmers Day | Chaudhari Charan Sinh Birth Anniversary

This is the photo of Farmer who is works in Farm.
(Image: Pixabay.com)

Farmer's Day (Kisan Divas): Farmers have a great contribution in the development of the country so we should respect the farmers. Central and state governments run various schemes for farmers. The purpose of this special day is to appreciate the contribution of farmers. Many kinds of programs are held in the country on this occasion from farmer awareness.

Another objective behind celebrating this day is that it gives the idea of empowering the farmers of the society with the latest education. The celebration of Farmers' Day works to educate people about the various issues faced by farmers. Agriculture plays an important role in the economic development of the country. According to the World Bank 2017 report, 40 percent of the total employment in the country comes from agriculture.

Why Farmers Day Celebrated?

In India every year 23 December is celebrated as National Farmers Day (Kisan Divas). National Farmers Day in India is celebrated every year on 23 December, the birthday of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the 5th Prime Minister of India, a farmer leader who initiated several policies to improve the lives of Indian farmers. It is celebrated by organizing various programs, debates, seminars, quiz competitions, discussions, workshops, exhibitions, essay writing competitions, and functions.

Needless to say, we cannot live without food and most of our food comes from grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables grown by farmers. Our stomachs are filled only with what the farmers grow by working hard in the fields. Without farmers we will not exist. Farmers Day is celebrated on different dates in different countries but in India it is celebrated on 23rd December every year.

Chaudhary Charan Singh's contribution:

Chaudhary Charan Singh served as the fifth Prime Minister of India from 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980. He is known as the leader of farmers in India. In the year 1979 he presented the budget and that budget catered to the needs of the farmers and included some important policies for the interest of the farmers. 

These policies introduced by him helped to boost the morale of the country's farmers. He presented the Agricultural Produce Bill in Parliament in 1938. The purpose of this bill was to protect the interests of farmers against the exploitation of traders. He introduced the Zamindari Abolition Act. 

Status of Farmers in India:

In India, 70 percent of rural families still live a life based on agriculture. At the time of independence, about 80 percent of the rural population was engaged in agriculture. At that time India's agricultural production was 5 million tonnes. This production was not sufficient to feed the population of the entire country. When the first Five Year Plan was implemented in the year 1950, more importance was given to agriculture.

The latest report of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development states that there has been no increase in income in India's agriculture sector in the last two decades. According to the census from 2001 to 2011, 77 lakh farmers have left agriculture in this period. According to the report of NCRB, after 1995, the number of farmer suicides has crossed three lakh.

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