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Common Kidney Stone Signs and Symptoms

This is the photo of 2 Kidneys With Stone.

(Image: IstockPhoto)

Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are hardened mineral deposits that form in the kidneys. These stones can vary in size and shape, and can cause a range of symptoms depending on their location and size. 

Common Signs And Symptoms Of Kidney Stones Include:

  • Pain: The most common symptom of kidney stones is severe pain, often described as a sharp, cramping pain in the back or side of the body. This pain may radiate to the lower abdomen, groin, or genitals. The pain may be constant or intermittent and can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

  • Blood in urine: Kidney stones can cause blood to appear in the urine, which may be pink, red, or brown in color. This is known as hematuria.

  • Urinary frequency or urgency: Kidney stones can cause an urgent need to urinate or a frequent urge to urinate. This is due to the stones blocking the flow of urine and causing discomfort or pressure.

  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine: Kidney stones can cause the urine to appear cloudy or have a strong, unpleasant odor. This may be due to the presence of bacteria or other substances that have been trapped in the urine by the stones.

  • Nausea and vomiting: Some individuals may experience nausea and vomiting as a result of the pain caused by kidney stones.

  • Fever and chills: Kidney stones can cause an infection in the urinary tract, leading to a fever and chills. If this occurs, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent further complications.

  • Urinary tract infections: Kidney stones can also cause urinary tract infections. Symptoms of UTI include a strong and persistent urge to urinate, a burning sensation when urinating, and strong-smelling and cloudy urine.

  • Abdominal or back pain: Kidney stones can cause pain in the abdomen or back due to the pressure they exert on the kidneys or ureter.

  • Fatigue: Some individuals may experience fatigue or weakness as a result of the pain and discomfort caused by kidney stones.

  • Difficulty urinating: Kidney stones can cause difficulty urinating due to the blockage they cause in the urinary tract.

It is important to note that not all individuals will experience all of these symptoms, and some may have only mild symptoms. Additionally, some kidney stones may not cause any symptoms at all. However, if you suspect you have kidney stones, it is important to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Diagnosis of kidney stones typically involves a physical examination, urinalysis, and imaging tests such as an X-ray or CT scan. Treatment options can vary depending on the size and location of the stones, but may include medications to help relieve pain, drinking plenty of water to help flush out the stones, or even surgical intervention in severe cases.

To prevent kidney stones, it is important to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle, including drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated, avoiding foods high in salt, sugar, and oxalates, and managing any underlying medical conditions.


In conclusion, kidney stones can cause a range of symptoms that can be severe and debilitating. These symptoms include pain, blood in urine, urinary frequency or urgency, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, nausea and vomiting, fever and chills, urinary tract infections, abdominal or back pain, fatigue, and difficulty urinating. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have kidney stones, as proper diagnosis and treatment can prevent further complications and help alleviate symptoms. 

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