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Simple Introduction Of Indian Constitution

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Here's a simple introduction to the "Indian Constitution" is given. This information is very important for all citizens of India and also important for other country's citizens. Indian Constitution is a very big document of India and also a very big constitution in the world. The more details of Indian Constitution is given below.

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 448 articles (As of the Year 2021) in 22 parts, 12 schedules, and 118 amendments, with 146,385 words in its English-language version. 

The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the Purna Swaraj declaration of independence of 1930. It declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavors to promote fraternity among them.

The Constitution of India is federal in structure, with a parliamentary system of government. It consists of three main components: the Parliament, the Executive, and the Judiciary, as well as the States and Union Territories. The Constitution of India defines the powers of the government, and the duties and rights of citizens. It also includes the Fundamental Rights, which are guaranteed to every citizen and are enforceable in a court of law. 

The Directive Principles of State Policy are guidelines for the framing of laws, and the Fundamental Duties are a code of conduct for citizens. The Constitution also provides for the establishment of a number of other institutions, such as the Election Commission, the Comptroller and Auditor General, and the Human Rights Commission.

The Constitution of India divides the government into three branches: the Legislature, the Executive, and the Judiciary. The Legislature is made up of the Parliament, which consists of the President and the two Houses, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). The Executive is responsible for the administration of the country and is headed by the President, who is assisted by the Vice President and the Council of Ministers. The Judiciary is independent of the other two branches of government and is responsible for interpreting the laws and constitution.

The Constitution of India also provides for the division of powers between the Union and the States. The Union has exclusive powers in certain areas, such as foreign affairs, defense, and taxation, while the States have exclusive powers in areas such as law and order and education. The Constitution also provides for the establishment of a system of cooperative federalism, whereby the Union and the States work together to achieve common goals.

The Constitution of India guarantees certain Fundamental Rights to all citizens, including the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, the right to life and personal liberty, and the right to practice any religion. It also provides for a number of Directive Principles of State Policy, which are guidelines for the framing of laws and the governance of the country. These include the promotion of international peace and security, the promotion of economic and social justice, and the protection of the natural environment.

In addition to the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles, the Constitution of India also includes a number of Fundamental Duties, which are a code of conduct for citizens. These duties include the obligation to respect the national flag and the national anthem, and to protect the natural environment.

The Constitution of India has undergone a number of amendments since it was adopted in 1949. The most significant of these amendments have been the 42nd Amendment, which amended the Constitution to give greater powers to the central government, and the 44th Amendment, which restored many of the rights and freedoms that were curtailed by the 42nd Amendment.

In conclusion, the Indian Constitution is a comprehensive and detailed document that outlines the fundamental rights, duties, and governance of the country. It was adopted on January 26, 1950, and serves as the supreme law of the land. The Constitution guarantees equality, liberty, and justice for all citizens, and establishes the framework for a federal, democratic, and secular government. It also provides for a flexible and dynamic system of checks and balances to ensure that the government operates within the limits of the law. The Constitution has played a crucial role in shaping the political, social, and economic landscape of India, and continues to be an important reference for the nation's development and progress.

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